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Презентация была опубликована 3 года назад пользователемНикита Пестерев
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Презентация на тему: » Презентация по английскому языку по теме «Праздники»» — Транскрипт:
1 The author: Lipchak Aurica The schoolgirl 8B class, school year
2 Halloween, or the eve of Day all sacred, is celebrated last day of October. As against numerous rituals this holiday is not reset overlooked. Opposite scope of his celebrating, for example, in USA is comparable with very popular Christmas
3 History of a holiday Roots of this strange holiday withdraw us in depth of centuries, during a pre-Christian epoch when the grounds of Ireland, Northern France and England occupied tribes. Their year consisted of two parts — summer and winter. And transition of one season in another was marked by the termination of harvesting, it was marked on October, 31st and symbolized the beginning of new year. The rights were entered with winter.
4 Night for November, 1st when under legends the border between the worlds alive opened and dead was called Samxain. Pagans gave to it great value and, to not fall prey to a shadow dead dressed up in animal heads and skins, extinguished the centers in the houses and all frightening kind frightened off ghosts.
5 Halloween today As one of oldest holidays of the world, Halloween today is celebrated in many countries of the world. Not exception and Russia, where with each year ever more than people enables «dark» forces to take hold of itself for one night. About this holiday set of the books all over the world is written, some films and musicals are taken off. Each year millions toys, ridiculous masks and awful» of costumes are let out. Even competitions on best Jack- o-lanterns will be carried out.
6 Jack-o-lanterns By the integral attribute Halloween was also tradition to cut out on turnips, potatoes and later pumpkins the ridiculous persons, to place inside their candles, receiving a celebratory lantern Jack-o-lanterns.
7 It is a lot of centuries back on ground Irish the smith on a name Jack lived. About cunning and avarice it legends to this day go. One of them says, that he could deceive of the Devil and, thus, to receive the promise dirty, that that never will attempt upon soul of the smith. However, the sins Jack have not allowed it to get and in paradise. And it was released to wander by the ground about day Courting, shining a way by the slice coal protected from a wind by an ordinary pumpkin.
8 The priests — druids trusted that at one time cats were the people, but after death of their soul were moved in bodies of the cats as punishment for their malicious businesses. For this reason they considered the cats as sacred animals and used them in worship idols of October 31 and November 1. Thus cats, and especially black symbolized evil. Also they were a symbol реинкарнации black cats
9 Costumes on a holiday
10 The celebratory menu Stew of beans with pork Cheese fondue in a pumpkin Cheese corn bread Cupcakes with peanut butter Lemonade » Green slime » Nightmare martini (alcoholic) Milk-pumpkin cocktail Harry Potter (soft)
11 Halloween in a Russia In Russia Halloween has appeared absolutely recently and popularity it to not be compared yet to popularity American Halloween. But, nevertheless, he already has found the traditions and admirers. Very much many entertaining institutions last day of October prepare for the visitors various Halloween-party. However at an official level, all is not so is healthy. Halloween — alien Russia a holiday, are convinced in Moscow patriarchy and of Advice Mufti of Russia. And still it is not necessary to suit to business too seriously, you see it is simple a holiday, and kindly all the same wins evil, therefore celebrate on health and I have fun up to fall.
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Nowhere else in Britain is the arrival of the New Year celebrated so wholeheartedly as in Scotland. It is much more important festival there than in any part of Britain and it has a special name – Hogmanay.
Valentine`s Day is a day to share loving feelings with friends and family. It is also known as a holiday honouring lovers. Long before February 14 shops come to life with displays of attractive and brightly coloured “I love you” Valentine cards.
April 1 is a day when one can light-heartedly make fool of any person, young or old, important or otherwise, a friend, a colleague, a family member. Many people like to play jokes or tricks on this day.
Christmas Day, December 25 is probably the most beloved, the most exiting and the most important holiday in Britain. Christmas is a festival when both children and adults are filled with anticipation and excitement.
In Britain, as well as in many other countries, Easter is annual Christian festival in commemoration of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is observed on the first Sunday after the full moon that occurs on or next after March 21, the day of the spring equinox.
Hallowe`en meaning “holy evening” is a popular tradition celebrated on October 31, on the eve of All Saints` Day which is marked on November 1. It is time for games, fun and fortune telling, for ghost stories and making mischief.
It is one of the most popular festivals celebrated on November 5 for four centuries already. It commemorates the discovery of Gunpowder plot which prevented blowing up the Houses of Parliament.
Remembrance Day is observed throughout Britain in commemoration of the million or more British soldiers, sailors and airmen who lost their lives during the two World Wars. In is celebrated on the second Sunday in November.
It is one of the most magnificent military ceremonies in Britain. It is held annually on the reigning monarch`s “official” birthday, which is the second Saturday in June.
The spectacular ceremony of Changing the Guard at Buckingham Palace attracts numerous spectators from the country and tourists from different parts of the world. The Guard is changed at 11.30 a.m. daily.
Every night at 9.53 p.m. the Chief Warder of the Yeomen Warders (Beefeaters) of the Tower of London lights a candle lantern and then makes his way towards the Bloody Tower. In the Archway his Escort waits his arrival. The Chief Warder, carrying the keys, then moves off with his Escort to the West Gate, which he locks, while the Escort “presents arms”. Then the Middle and Byward Towers are locked.
The ceremony is the gesture of pride in the City`s history and strength as a world commercial centre. The ceremony seems still more bright and colourful because it is always held on the second Saturday in November when the city is often wrapped in mist or rain.
Pancake Day, or Shrove Tuesday, is the day before Lent starts. Lent is a Christian fast, which lasts for 40 days before Easter.
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Данная презентация представляет собой обзор современных и исторических праздников и церемоний, отмечаемых в Соединенном Королевстве, таких как Шотландский Новый Год, День Святого Валентина, День Гая Фокса, Церемония передачи ключей и др.
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HOLIDAYS IN GREAT BRITAIN
Many festivals and holidays in Britain are very old. Every town, village in Britain has its own traditions, some of them are carefully planned.
Christmas is celebrated on the 25th December. It is the time when Christians around the world celebrate the birth of Jesus. Most people are on holiday in the UK and stay at home with their family on Christmas day. Christmas Day is the favourite day for children. They wake up very early in the morning to find their stockings have been filled by Father Christmas.
Boxing Day is usually celebrated on the following day after Christmas Day. It is the day to open the Christmas Box to share the contents with the poor. Boxing Day is the day when families get together. It is a day of watching sports and playing board games with the family. Many families go on walks in the countryside.
New Year’s Day is the first day of the year, in the Gregorian calendar. All over Britain there are parties, fireworks, singing and dancing, to ring out the old year and ring in the new. As the clock — Big Ben — strikes midnight, people link arms and sing a song.
6 January Epiphany, or Twelfth Night, marks the end of the Christmas and New Year season for most people in the United Kingdom (UK). It is also an occasion for Christians to celebrate the three kings’ (or wise men’s) visit to Jesus shortly after his birth and Jesus’ baptism.
People with romantic feelings for a particular person may send that person cards, gifts and text messages on Valentine’s Day. Popular gifts include chocolates and flowers.
1April A day of jokes and tricks. You have to play the joke before 12 o’clock midday, otherwise the joke is on you. No one really knows when this custom began but it has been kept for hundreds of years. The First of April, some do say Is set apart for All Fools Day; But why the people call it so, Not I, nor they themselves do know.
Mothering Sunday, sometimes known as Mother’s Day, is held on the fourth Sunday of Lent. It is exactly three weeks before Easter Sunday and usually falls in the second half of March or the beginning of April.
Good Friday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom. It falls just before Easter Sunday. People who regularly attend church will probably attend a special church service on Good Friday. For other people, it is a day off work in the spring. Some people use the day to work in their gardens, while others take advantage of the long Easter weekend and the school holidays at this time ofyear to take a short vacation.
Easter usually comes in the month of April. However, Easter can fall as early as March 22 or as late as April 25. Easter Sunday in the United Kingdom is traditionally about Jesus Christ’s resurrection from death, according to Christian belief. However, many people use the day to decorate Easter eggs, share chocolate eggs and participate in Easter egg competitions. Easter is the time for holidays, festivals.
Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) was born on 21 April, 1926 at 17 Bruton Street, London. Her birthday is officially celebrated in Britain on the second Saturday of June each year. The day is referred to as “the Trooping of the Colour”, the official name is “the Queen’s Birthday Parade”.
The official birthday of Queen Elizabeth II is marked by a military parade known as Trooping the Colour (Carrying of the Flag). Each June, the Queen and other members of the Royal Family attend the Trooping the Colour ceremony on Horse Guards Parade.
St. George’s Day is on 23 April. It is England’s national day. St George’s Day in the United Kingdom remembers St George, England’s patron saint. The anniversary of his death, which is on April 23, is seen as England’s national day. According to legend, he was a soldier in the Roman army who killed a dragon and saved a princess.
The first Monday of May is a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. It called May Day in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is known as the Early May Bank Holiday in Scotland. It probably originated as a Roman festival honoring the beginning of the summer season. In more recent times, it has been as a day to campaign for and celebrate workers’ rights.
The last Monday in May is a bank holiday. Many organizations, businesses and schools are closed. Some people choose to take a short trip or vacation. Others use the time to walk in the country, catch up with family and friends, visit garden centers or do home maintenance.
In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the summer bank holiday is on the last Monday of August. In Scotland it is on the first Monday of August. This day marks the end of the summer holidays for many people who return to work or school in the autumn.
Skyline Auckland Waterfront From the 19th Century to the present day, 31st October has increasingly acquired a reputation as a night on which ghost, witches, and fairies, are especially active. Halloween celebrations include costume parties where people dress as witches, ghosts, and animal figures associated with Halloween
View of Town Town Centre Remembrance Day is on 11 November. It is a special day set aside to remember all those men and women who were killed during the two World Wars and other conflicts. At 11am on each Remembrance Sunday a two minute silence is observed at war memorials and other public spaces across the UK.
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