Презентация на Тему Праздники Англии

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Презентация на Тему Праздники Англии

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Nowhere else in Britain is the arrival of the New Year celebrated so wholeheartedly as in Scotland. It is much more important festival there than in any part of Britain and it has a special name – Hogmanay.

Valentine`s Day is a day to share loving feelings with friends and family. It is also known as a holiday honouring lovers. Long before February 14 shops come to life with displays of attractive and brightly coloured “I love you” Valentine cards.

April 1 is a day when one can light-heartedly make fool of any person, young or old, important or otherwise, a friend, a colleague, a family member. Many people like to play jokes or tricks on this day.

Christmas Day, December 25 is probably the most beloved, the most exiting and the most important holiday in Britain. Christmas is a festival when both children and adults are filled with anticipation and excitement.

In Britain, as well as in many other countries, Easter is annual Christian festival in commemoration of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is observed on the first Sunday after the full moon that occurs on or next after March 21, the day of the spring equinox.

Hallowe`en meaning “holy evening” is a popular tradition celebrated on October 31, on the eve of All Saints` Day which is marked on November 1. It is time for games, fun and fortune telling, for ghost stories and making mischief.

It is one of the most popular festivals celebrated on November 5 for four centuries already. It commemorates the discovery of Gunpowder plot which prevented blowing up the Houses of Parliament.

Remembrance Day is observed throughout Britain in commemoration of the million or more British soldiers, sailors and airmen who lost their lives during the two World Wars. In is celebrated on the second Sunday in November.

It is one of the most magnificent military ceremonies in Britain. It is held annually on the reigning monarch`s “official” birthday, which is the second Saturday in June.

The spectacular ceremony of Changing the Guard at Buckingham Palace attracts numerous spectators from the country and tourists from different parts of the world. The Guard is changed at 11.30 a.m. daily.

Every night at 9.53 p.m. the Chief Warder of the Yeomen Warders (Beefeaters) of the Tower of London lights a candle lantern and then makes his way towards the Bloody Tower. In the Archway his Escort waits his arrival. The Chief Warder, carrying the keys, then moves off with his Escort to the West Gate, which he locks, while the Escort “presents arms”. Then the Middle and Byward Towers are locked.

The ceremony is the gesture of pride in the City`s history and strength as a world commercial centre. The ceremony seems still more bright and colourful because it is always held on the second Saturday in November when the city is often wrapped in mist or rain.

Pancake Day, or Shrove Tuesday, is the day before Lent starts. Lent is a Christian fast, which lasts for 40 days before Easter.

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Данная презентация представляет собой обзор современных и исторических праздников и церемоний, отмечаемых в Соединенном Королевстве, таких как Шотландский Новый Год, День Святого Валентина, День Гая Фокса, Церемония передачи ключей и др.

В презентации использованы красочные фотографии празднований и церемоний, а также некоторых атрибутов праздников (открытки, элементы декора помещений и т.д.). Весь наглядный материал сопровождается короткими текстами на английском языке, в которых дано описание этих праздников и церемоний.

Данная презентация может быть использована на уроках английского языка, на внеклассных мероприятиях, при организации викторин и конкурсов по английскому языку.

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Праздники Англии

Новый год (NEW YEAR)— 1 января, празднуется в кругу семьи с традиционным яблочным пирогом.

St. Valentine’s Day В Англии день Святого Валентина сопровождается тайным вручением подарков и открыток – «валентинок». В последнее время 14-го февраля стало популярным не только посылать открытки, но и дарить своим любимым сладости в виде сердечек, мягкие игрушки, особенно столь популярных в Британии медвежат Teddy.

Mother’s Day- 26 марта Этот праздник похож на 8 марта в России. Его корни уходят в викторианские времена, когда дети в довольно раннем возрасте работали вдали от дома, деньги, заработанные ими, пересылались в семейный бюджет. Тогда один день в году детям разрешалось провести дома вместе с родителями. Обычно они приносили матерям и бабушкам небольшие подарки — букетики цветов. Сегодня британские дети в этот день дарят матерям цветы и выполняют за них домашнюю работу.

AprilFool»sDay — День Дурака (1 апреля) Обычные розыгрыши для Дня Дурака — сказать «у тебя шнурки развязаны», перевести стрелки часов. Все заканчивается тем, что жертве говорят «апрельский дурак» (April»sFool). Обычно шутки разыгрывают на друзьях и знакомых. Даже средства массовой информации принимают участие в розыгрышах. Но есть одна специфическая черта: время розыгрышей ограничено – только до 12 часов дня.

Hallowe»en (Hallows Evening) – Хеллоуин (31 октября) Каждый год в этот день городские улицы преображаются в сказку, по ним движутся колдуньи в остроконечных шляпах, гуляет старушка с наточенной косой, расхаживают черти с вилами и вилками и прочие симпатичные ребятки. Рожицы оранжевых тыкв смотрят пустыми глазницами отовсюду — с витрин магазинов, из окон домов, а вечером озаряются вставленными внутрь свечами, и все вокруг радуются: пришел праздник Хэллоуин!

25 декабря отмечается Рождество (Christmas), а 26 декабря — любимый праздник — День рождественских подарков (Boxing Day).

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HOLIDAYS IN GREAT BRITAIN

Many festivals and holidays in Britain are very old. Every town, village in Britain has its own traditions, some of them are carefully planned.

Christmas is celebrated on the 25th December. It is the time when Christians around the world celebrate the birth of Jesus. Most people are on holiday in the UK and stay at home with their family on Christmas day. Christmas Day is the favourite day for children. They wake up very early in the morning to find their stockings have been filled by Father Christmas.

Boxing Day is usually celebrated on the following day after Christmas Day. It is the day to open the Christmas Box to share the contents with the poor. Boxing Day is the day when families get together. It is a day of watching sports and playing board games with the family. Many families go on walks in the countryside.

New Year’s Day is the first day of the year, in the Gregorian calendar. All over Britain there are parties, fireworks, singing and dancing, to ring out the old year and ring in the new. As the clock — Big Ben — strikes midnight, people link arms and sing a song.

6 January Epiphany, or Twelfth Night, marks the end of the Christmas and New Year season for most people in the United Kingdom (UK). It is also an occasion for Christians to celebrate the three kings’ (or wise men’s) visit to Jesus shortly after his birth and Jesus’ baptism.

People with romantic feelings for a particular person may send that person cards, gifts and text messages on Valentine’s Day. Popular gifts include chocolates and flowers.

1April A day of jokes and tricks. You have to play the joke before 12 o’clock midday, otherwise the joke is on you. No one really knows when this custom began but it has been kept for hundreds of years. The First of April, some do say Is set apart for All Fools Day; But why the people call it so, Not I, nor they themselves do know.

Mothering Sunday, sometimes known as Mother’s Day, is held on the fourth Sunday of Lent. It is exactly three weeks before Easter Sunday and usually falls in the second half of March or the beginning of April.

Good Friday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom. It falls just before Easter Sunday. People who regularly attend church will probably attend a special church service on Good Friday. For other people, it is a day off work in the spring. Some people use the day to work in their gardens, while others take advantage of the long Easter weekend and the school holidays at this time ofyear to take a short vacation.

Easter usually comes in the month of April. However, Easter can fall as early as March 22 or as late as April 25. Easter Sunday in the United Kingdom is traditionally about Jesus Christ’s resurrection from death, according to Christian belief. However, many people use the day to decorate Easter eggs, share chocolate eggs and participate in Easter egg competitions. Easter is the time for holidays, festivals.

Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) was born on 21 April, 1926 at 17 Bruton Street, London. Her birthday is officially celebrated in Britain on the second Saturday of June each year. The day is referred to as “the Trooping of the Colour”, the official name is “the Queen’s Birthday Parade”.

The official birthday of Queen Elizabeth II is marked by a military parade known as Trooping the Colour (Carrying of the Flag). Each June, the Queen and other members of the Royal Family attend the Trooping the Colour ceremony on Horse Guards Parade.

St. George’s Day is on 23 April. It is England’s national day. St George’s Day in the United Kingdom remembers St George, England’s patron saint. The anniversary of his death, which is on April 23, is seen as England’s national day. According to legend, he was a soldier in the Roman army who killed a dragon and saved a princess.

The first Monday of May is a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. It called May Day in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is known as the Early May Bank Holiday in Scotland. It probably originated as a Roman festival honoring the beginning of the summer season. In more recent times, it has been as a day to campaign for and celebrate workers’ rights.

The last Monday in May is a bank holiday. Many organizations, businesses and schools are closed. Some people choose to take a short trip or vacation. Others use the time to walk in the country, catch up with family and friends, visit garden centers or do home maintenance.

In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the summer bank holiday is on the last Monday of August. In Scotland it is on the first Monday of August. This day marks the end of the summer holidays for many people who return to work or school in the autumn.

Skyline Auckland Waterfront From the 19th Century to the present day, 31st October has increasingly acquired a reputation as a night on which ghost, witches, and fairies, are especially active. Halloween celebrations include costume parties where people dress as witches, ghosts, and animal figures associated with Halloween

View of Town Town Centre Remembrance Day is on 11 November. It is a special day set aside to remember all those men and women who were killed during the two World Wars and other conflicts. At 11am on each Remembrance Sunday a two minute silence is observed at war memorials and other public spaces across the UK.

Использование метод пректа на уроках, сотрудничество учителя и учащихся способствуют повышению мотивации учащихся к обучению, организации атмоcферы свободного развития каждого ребенка, сопровождаемой радостью и высоким уровнем позновательной активности учащегося.

Материалы данного исследования имеют не только теоретическую, но и практическую значимость и могут быть использованы учителями английского языка, заинтересованными в применении информационно-коммуникационных технологий для совершенствования иноязычных речевых умений школьников.

Именно испльзование компьютерных технологий позволяет сделать содержание курса нестандартным и привлекательным для ученика.


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